John III Vatatzes

   The most important emperor (reigned 12211254) of the Empire of Nicaea (qq.v.). He consolidated the work of his predecessor, Theodore I Laskaris (q.v.), whose daughter Irene he married. By 1225 he occupied all of the territory formerly claimed by the Latin Empire (q.v.), in addition to the islands of Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Icaria, and Rhodes (qq.v.). He marched on Thrace (q.v.), briefly occupying Adrianople (q.v.) before withdrawing in the face of Theodore Komnenos Doukas, despot of Epiros (qq.v.). However, Theodore was captured at the battle of Klokotnitsa (q.v.), and the tide slowly turned in favor of Vatatzes, especially after the death of John Asen II (q.v.) in 1241. Vatatzes captured Thessalonike (q.v.) again in 1246, and by the time of his death he had doubled the size of the Empire of Nicaea.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • John III Doukas Vatatzes — or Ducas Vatatzes (Greek: Ιωάννης Γ΄ Δούκας Βατάτζης, Iōannēs III Doukas Batatzēs ) (c. 1192, Didymoteicho ndash; November 3, 1254, Nymphaeum) was emperor of Nicaea 1221 1254.LifeJohn Doukas Vatatzes was probably the son of the general Basil… …   Wikipedia

  • John III — may refer to:People* Pope John III, Pope from 561 to his death in 574. * John Scholasticus, Patriarch of Constantinople from 565 to his death in 577. * John III Rizocopo, Exarch of Ravenna from 710 to 711. * John III of Naples, Duke from 928 to… …   Wikipedia

  • John III Ducas Vatatzes — born с 1193 died Nov. 3, 1254, Nymphaion Emperor of Nicaea (1222–54). He succeeded Theodore I Lascaris and defeated rivals for the imperial throne in 1223. Two years later he triumphed over Latin forces loyal to his rivals and gained control of… …   Universalium

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • John Komnenos Doukas — or Comnenus Ducas (Greek: Ιωάννης Κομνηνός Δούκας, Iōannēs Komnēnos Doukas ), was ruler of Thessalonica from 1237 until his death in 1244.John was the eldest son of Theodore Komnenos Doukas and Maria Petraliphaina. In 1230 his father was captured …   Wikipedia

  • John IV Laskaris — John IV Doukas Laskaris or Ducas Lascaris (Greek: Ιωάννης Δ΄ Δούκας Λάσκαρις, Iōannēs IV Doukas Laskaris ), December 25 1250 ndash; c. 1305) was emperor of Nicaea from August 18, 1258 to December 25, 1261. This small empire was one of the Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • John of Brienne — (c. 1170 – 27 March, 1237) was a French nobleman who became King of Jerusalem by marriage, and was later invited to become Latin Emperor of Constantinople.He was the second son of Erard II, count of Brienne, in Champagne, and of Agnes de… …   Wikipedia

  • III — (as used in expressions) Abd al Rahman III Afonso III Alexander III Amenhotep III Andronicus III Palaeologus Antiochus III Augustus III Cabell Calloway III Casimir III Charles III Christian III …   Universalium

  • John of Brienne — born с 1170 died March 1237, Constantinople Count of Brienne (in northeastern France) and later titular king of Jerusalem (1210–25) and Latin emperor of Constantinople (1231–37). The penniless younger son of a French count, he married the queen… …   Universalium

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